Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS abbreviated) is a set of symptoms and infections (or: syndrome) that arose because of damage to the human body’s immune system due to HIV infection or be infected other virus that similar and to attack other species (SIV, FIV, and others). The virus itself called the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV or abbreviated) is the virus that impair immunity in the human body. People exposed to this virus will become vulnerable to infection opportunistic or easily affected by tumor. Although there have been handling that can slow the rate of the virus, but it is not actually be cured.
HIV and the virus-like is generally transmitted through direct contact between the layers in the skin (membrane mucosa) or the flow of blood, with body fluids containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vagina liquids, and breast milk. Transmission can occur through intimate contact (vaginal, anal, or oral), blood transfusion, syringe that contaminated, between the mother and baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding, and other forms of contact with the liquid-liquid in the body.Scientists generally think that AIDS came from Sub-Saharan Africa. Now AIDS has become a pandemic disease. AIDS estimated has infected 38.6 million people around the world. In January 2006, UNAIDS in cooperation with the WHO estimate that AIDS has caused the death of more than 25 million people since the first time recognized on 5 June 1981. Thus, this disease is one of the most off the plague in history. AIDS has claimed the death of 2.4 to 3.3 million in 2005 alone, and more than 570,000 people in them are children.
A third of this number of deaths occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa, so the slow growth economy and the strength of human resources there. Antiretroviral treatment can indeed reduce the level of death and severe of HIV infection, but access to treatment is not available in all countries. Social punishment for people with HIV / AIDS is generally more weight when compared with people with other diseases kill. Sometimes the punishment is also posted to the health or volunteer, involved in caring for people living with HIV / AIDS.